Influence of Leadership Styles on Management of Change Resistance in Selected Organization’s in Lagos State, Nigeria.

  • Akeem O AJANI
  • Akeem Olanrewaju SALAMI
  • Suraju, A. AMINU
  • Thaddeaus OLUFAYO
Keywords: Leadership Styles, Management, Change Resistance, Government Owned,

Abstract

This study work assessed the influence of leadership styles on management of change resistance in an organization, evidence from government owned polytechnics ( Yaba college of technology and Lagos state polytechnic) Lagos state, Nigeria. The study adopted the survey design, using a population of one thousand and seven hundred and two (1702) employees from the two tertiary institutions selected as study. Convenient sampling techniques were used to select sample size of three hundred and twenty three (323) using taro-yamane statistical determination. Pearson correlation analysis was the tool for data analysis from the collected structured questionnaire. The results suggested that: positive relationship exist between democratic leadership style and organization (staff turnover) insecurity. (p= < 0.05, r = 0.971,t –statistics 85.611); laissez-faire leadership style is significant being cause of poor communication (p = < 0.05, r = 0.959, t- statistics 71,823); and that autocratic style significantly aggravates the level of uncertainty in the organization (p = < 0.05, r = 0.994, t –statistics 185.948).The study concluded that, insecurity affect the rate of labour turnover and employee’s satisfaction ; setting clear vision and sharing the vision through communication lead to reduction in uncertainty level, the study, therefore, recommended amongst others , the need for employee engagement and involvement in major mutual issues, reduce ambiguity, confusion , suspicion and initiate dynamic leadership with contingency module of decision making process of managing change resistance.

References

Adegboyega, O., & Awolusi, O.D. (2021). The effect of leadership styles on employees productivity in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry. Information Management and Business Review. 13(1), 47-64.
Ajani,A.O.(2021).Effect of Change Management Practices on Employees Attitude among Selected Eateries in Lagos State, Nigeria. ProQuest Dissertations and Thesis (PQDT) Global Database.
Ajani,A.O., Adebayo,T.A.& Aremu, I.L.(2022).Role of Sustainable Change Management and Innovation on Employees Performance of Selected Fast Foods in Nigeria. Fuoye Journal of Accounting and Management, 5(1), 126-140.
Al Khajeh, E. H. (2018).Impact of Leadership Styles on Organizational Performance.
Journal of Human Resources Management Research. DOI: 10.5171/2018.687849.
Armstrong, M. (2012). Armstrong’s Handbook of Management and Leadership: Developing
Effective People Skills for Better Leadership and Management. (3rd ed.). London: Kogan Page.
Bass, B. M. (1985). Leadership and Performance beyond Expectations. New York: Free Press.
Bamford, D. R. & Forrester, P. L. (2003).Managing planned and emergent change within an operations management environment. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 23(5), 546–564.
Bengat, J., Odenyo, M., & Rotich, J. (2015). Organizational change and resistance dilemmas resolution approaches and mechanisms. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, 3(2), 1-17.
Bennis, W.G. & Thomas, R..J.(2002).Crucibles of leadership. Harvard Business School ,Press.
Bhargavi, S. & Yaseen, A.(2016).Leadership Style’s and Organizational Performance.
Strategic Management Quarterly, 4, 87-117
Burnes, B. (2004).Managing Change: A Strategic Approach to Organisational Dynamic. 4th ed. Harlow, Prentice Hall.
De Jager,P.( 2001).Resistance to change: A new view of an old Problem. The Utureristics,24-27,Etzioni, Amitai.
Fielder,F.E.(1967),A theory of leadership effectiveness, New York: McGraw Hill Book Co.
Gill, E. (2014). What Is Laissez-Faire Leadership? How Autonomy Can Drive Success .
http://online.stu.edu/laissez-faire-leadership.
Igbaekemen, G. O., & Odivwri, J. E. (2015). Impact of Leadership Style on Organization
Performance: A Critical Literature Review. Arabian Journal of Business and Management
Review, 5, 1-7.
Judge, W.Q., & Blocker, C.P. (2008). Organisational capacity for change and strategic ambidexterity: Flying the plane while rewiring it. European Journal of Marketing, 42 (9), 915-926
Karacsony, P. (2021). Relationship between the leadership style and organizational performance in hungary. Economic Annals, 6(2), 128-135.
Khan, S., Asghar, M., & Zaheer, A. (2014). Influence of Leadership Style on Employee Job
Satisfaction and Firm Financial Performance: A Study of Banking Sector in Islamabad
Pakistan. Actual Problems in Economics, 155, 374-384.
Klein, A. S., Cooke, R. A., & Wallis, J. (2013). The Impact of Leadership Styles on Organizational Culture and Firm Effectiveness: An Empirical Study. Journal of Management & Organization, 19, 241-254. https://doi.org/10.1017/jmo.2013.34
Kogila, R. (2016). Change management and its influence on business. Advances in Management.
Kotter, J. P. & Cohen, D.S. (2002). The heart of change: Real-life stories of how people change their organisations. Boston, Harvard Business School Press.
Lewin, K. (1947). Frontiers in group dynamics-concept, method, and reality in social science: Social equilibria and social change. Human Relations, 1(1), 5-41.
Luecke, R. (2003). Managing Change and Transition. Boston, MA, Harvard Business School Press.
Maurer,R.(1996).Using resistance to build support for change. The Journal for Quality and Participation,19 (3),56-66.
Mutihae, R. (2010).Managing resistance and the use of internal communication in organization’s undergoing change. Aarhus school of business, department of language and business communication process, New York: Routledge.
Naoler, A. & Tushman, M.L.(1999). Beyond the charismatic leader: Leadership and organizational change. California Management Review, 32(2), 77-97.
Ngodo, O. E. (2002). Procedural Justice and Trust: The Link in the Transformational
Leadership,Organizational Outcomes Relationship. International Journal of Leadership
Studies, 4, 82-100.
Nwokocha, I., & Iheriohanma, E. B. J.(2015). Nexus between Leadership Styles, Employee
Retention and Performance in Organizations, European Scientific Journal, 11, 186-209.
Nzube, C.A., & Dim, E. (2020). Effect of leadership styles on organizational performance of selected foam manufacturing firms In Anambra State. International Journal of Management and Entrepreneurship (IJME), 2(1), 13-27.
Oghojafor, B.E.A., Muo, F.I., & Aduloju, S.A. (2012). Organisational Effectiveness: Whom and what do we believe?. Advances in Management & Applied Economics, 2(4), 81-108.
Olajide, O.T. (2014). Change management and its effects on organizational performance of Nigerian telecoms industries: Empirical insight from Airtel Nigeria. International Journal Of Humanities Social Sciences and Education, 1(11), I70-179.
Onuche, G.U. (2021). Impact of change management on organizational performance. World Journal of Management and Business Studies, 1(4), 266-278.
Puni, A., Ofei, S. B.& Okoe, A. (2014).Effect of Leadership Styles on Firm Performance in Ghana. International Journal of Marketing Studies, 6, 177-185.
Rieley, J. B. & Clarkson, I. (2001). The impact of change on performance. Journal of Change Management, 2(2), 160–172.
Sun, R. Y. (2002). The Relationship among the Leadership Style, Organizational Culture
and Organizational Effectiveness Based on Competing Value Framework: An Empirical
Study for the Institute of Technology in Taiwan. Doctoral Dissertation, Taipei: National
Taipei University.
Sofi, M. A., & Devanadhen, D. K. (2015). Impact of Leadership Styles on Organizational
Performance: An Empirical Assessment of Banking Sector in Jammu and Kashmir.
IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 17, 31-45.
Todnem, R. B. (2005). Organisational change management: A critical review. Journal of Change Management, 5(4), 369-380.
Trung, T.L., & Ba, P.L.(2021). Mediating role of change capability in the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational performance: an empirical research. Psychology Research and Behaviour Management, 1747-1759.
Uchenwamgbe, B. B. P. (2013). Effects of Leadership Style on Organizational Performance
in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) in Nigeria. European Journal of
Business and Management, 5, 53-73.
Xenikou, A. (2017). Transformational Leadership, Transactional Contingent Reward, and
Organizational Identification: The Mediating Effect of Perceived Innovation and Goal
Culture Orientations. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1754. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01754
Xu, G. Y., & Wang, Z. S. (2008). The Impact of Transformational Leadership Style on
Organizational Performance: The Intermediary Effects of Leader-Member Exchange. Long Beach, CA: IEEE Xplore.
Yılmaz, D. & Kilicoglu, G. (2013).Resistance to change and ways of reducing resistance in educational organizations. European Journal of Research on Education, 1(1), 14-2
Published
2023-12-26